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South Carolina
Judicial Department
2004-UP-336 - Clayton v. Lands Inn, Inc.
Per Curiam: This appeal arises from a jury verdict for the Respondent, which the Appellant argues to have been the result of


In The Court of Appeals

Janette Clayton,        Respondent,


Lands Inn, Inc., d/b/a Lands Inn and Comfort Inn,        Defendants,

of whom Lands Inn, Inc. d/b/a Lands Inn is the        Appellant.

Appeal From Charleston County
Deadra L. Jefferson, Circuit Court Judge

Unpublished Opinion No. 2004-UP-336
Submitted May 12, 2004 � Filed May 17, 2004


Robert E. Lee, Amy Anderson Wise and Samuel F. Arthur, III, all of Florence, for Appellant,

Ervin Lindsay Blanks, of N. Charleston and James Edward Bell, III, of Sumter, for Respondent.

PER CURIAM:� This appeal arises from a jury verdict for actual and punitive damages in favor of Respondent Janet Clayton.� The circuit court denied Appellant Lands Inns� motions for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict (JNOV), new trial absolute, and new trial nisi remittitur.�� Lands Inn appeals on the basis that the verdict was the result of passion, caprice and prejudice. [1] � We affirm.

Clayton worked as a resident hotel manager for Lands Inn from 1992 until she was fired in 1996.� Robert Bowen, the executive housekeeper at the hotel, believed that his job was in jeopardy.� Bowen, in an effort to ingratiate himself with Richard Johnston, a Lands Inn supervisor, informed Johnston that Clayton had been underreporting the number of rooms rented and keeping money from those rooms.

Pursuant to information supplied by Bowen, Johnston compared the record of rooms cleaned each day to the information submitted by Clayton reporting how many rooms were rented each day.� Undiscovered by Johnston was the fact that Bowen dated rooms cleaned on the day prior to the actual cleaning.� This caused the comparison of records to show inconsistencies that, in fact, did not exist.� Lands Inn, through Johnston, acted on this false information and caused Clayton to be arrested for theft in July 1996.

Clayton hired an attorney in connection with the criminal charge. She was denied unemployment benefits after Lands Inn reported that she had been terminated for theft.� Clayton was unable to find a job until seven months later when she took a lesser paying job as a hotel telephone operator.� During this time, Clayton had to borrow money from family and had two cars repossessed.� Also, at least two friends who called the hotel and asked for Clayton were told that she had been terminated for theft.� The criminal charge was dismissed in March 1997.�

Clayton brought an action against Lands Inn for negligence, slander, and malicious prosecution.� At trial, Lands Inn admitted its error and conceded there existed no basis for the theft charge against Clayton.� Linda Jones, an accountant for Lands Inn, acknowledged that Lands Inn made a �terrible mistake.�

Prior to reaching a verdict, the jurors requested and were given written instructions on the difference between actual and punitive damages.� A second note inquired if Lands Inn could delay payment of its award pending appeal:

THE COURT: The jury has sent out a note:� If we award actual and punitive damages, can the defendant delay payment on both awards pending appeal?� Signed by foreperson.

I have shared this with counsel.� And the response that is going to be written on the note by consent is, this is not an issue that is proper for your consideration.� Is that acceptable to everyone?

All counsel responded,  �Yes.�

The court then, with the consent of the parties, responded with a note that instructed the jury that this was not a proper issue for their consideration.

After a verdict for actual damages of $500,000 and punitive damages of $750,000 was returned, Lands Inn moved for judgment notwithstanding the verdict, new trial absolute, and alternatively, a new trial nisi remittitur.� The motions were denied, as was Lands Inns� motion for reconsideration.� Lands Inn appeals, arguing that the circuit court abused its discretion by denying the motion for a new trial absolute because the jury exceeded its authority by inquiring if payment of a potential verdict might be delayed upon appeal.� This issue, however, was not raised in the trial court.

In its post-trial motions, Lands Inn claimed the damage awards were grossly excessive, and moved �for a new trial absolute on the basis that the jury was clearly motivated by passion, caprice, prejudice, whatsoever, as the court knows all the terminology there.�� Lands Inn raised no challenge in connection with the purportedly prejudicial jury note.� Thus, the sole ground asserted on appeal was neither raised to nor ruled upon by the trial court.� This issue is not preserved for appellate review.� Holy Loch Distribs., Inc. v. Hitchcock, 340 S.C. 20, 24, 531 S.E.2d 282 (2000) (�In order to preserve an issue for appellate review, the issue must have been raised to and ruled upon by the trial court.�).� Lands Inn�s generic motion simply cannot be construed to encompass the precise ground asserted on appeal.� See Wilder Corp. v. Wilke, 330 S.C. 71, 76, 497 S.E.2d 731, 733 (1998) (stating �an objection must be sufficiently specific to inform the trial court of the point being urged by the objector.�).

Moreover, considering the challenge to the verdict as grossly excessive, we find no abuse of discretion in the trial court�s denial of Lands Inn�s motion for a new trial absolute.� The record reveals that Clayton sustained substantial harm from Lands Inn�s egregious conduct.� We conclude, as did the trial court, that the jury�s verdict was not the result of passion, caprice, prejudice or other improper factors.�

Accordingly, the judgment of the circuit court is



[1] ������������� Lands Inn�s appellate counsel did not represent Lands Inn at trial.